Government Prepares Energy Programs to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions
According to studies, fossil fuels account for 287 million tons of greenhouse gasses. The industrial sector is the major source of pollutant, contributing to 29% of the total amount, followed by the transportation sector (27%), power plants (14%), flaring (11%), manufacturing process (10%), commercial and other minor sectors (9%).
The government is planning on an integrated program in the energy sector to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The program includes increasing fuel diversification by means of oil and gas optimization including the development of biofuel, fuel subsidy reduction, increasing coal utilization through renewable energy development (coal-powered plants, liquefied coal, geothermal power > 6000 MW in 2020), and energy conservation programs which includes energy efficiency and implementation of Demand Side Management (DSM) technology.
From a production point of view, the program is carried out to increase efficiency and reduce leakage during extraction, processing, and transportation of fossil fuels. Further developments of thermal energy technology is also needed, which is supplemented by reducing carbon fuel use (use of non-carbon / low-carbon fuels, increasing efficiency, de-carbonization of fuels and acids), and implementation of CO2 storage and separation for recycling.
Indonesian energy users are encouraged to implement DSM technology as a form of participation to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. On a household scale, DSM may be carried out by reducing fuel inputs and increasing technology efficiency, including such simple steps as changing light bulbs (use of CFL, FTL, and LED), and peak shaving / peak shifting steps.